Studies of α-synuclein Oligomers-with Relevance to Lewy Body Disorders
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The protein alpha-synuclein (α-synuclein) accumulates in the brain in disorders such as Parkinson’s disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). It is believed that the monomeric form of α-synuclein can adopt a partially folded structure and start to aggregate and form intermediately sized oligomers or protofibrils. The aggregation process can continue with the formation of insoluble fibrils, which are deposited as Lewy bodies. The oligomers/protofibrils have been shown to be toxic to neurons and are therefore believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of the actual diseases.
The overall aims of this thesis were to investigate the properties of α-synuclein oligomers and to generate and characterize antibodies against these species. In addition, the potential for immunotherapy of the α-synuclein oligomer-selective antibodies were evaluated in a transgenic mouse model with α-synuclein pathology.
Stable, β-sheet rich α-synuclein oligomers were induced by incubation with either one of the reactive aldehydes 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) and 4-oxo-2-nonenal (ONE). The oligomers exhibited distinct morphological properties, although both types were toxic when added to a neuroblastoma cell line. The seeding effects of ONE-induced oligomers were studied in vitro and in vivo. The oligomers induced seeding of monomeric α-synuclein in a fibrillization assay but not in a cell model or when injected intracerebrally in transgenic mice. It seemed, however, as if the oligomers affected α-synuclein turnover in the cell model.
By immunizing mice with HNE-induced oligomers antibody producing hybridomas were generated. Three monoclonal antibodies were found to have strong selectivity for α-synuclein oligomers. These antibodies recognized Lewy body pathology in brains from patients with PD and DLB as well as inclusions in the brain from young α-synuclein transgenic mice, but did not bind to other amyloidogenic proteins. Finally, immunotherapy with one of the oligomer/protofibril selective antibodies resulted in lower levels of such α-synuclein species in the spinal cord of α-synuclein transgenic mice.
To conclude, this thesis has focused on characterizing properties of α-synuclein oligomers. In particular, antibodies selectively targeting such neurotoxic forms were generated and evaluated for passive immunization in a transgenic mouse model. Such immunotherapy may represent a future treatment strategy against Lewy body disorders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. , 85 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 925
Alpha-synuclein, Parkinson´s disease, Lewy body dementia, Oligomer, Monoclonal antibody, Immunotherapy, Reactive aldehydes
Research subject Medical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204466ISBN: 978-91-554-8720-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-204466DiVA: diva2:640048
2013-09-27, Rudbecksalen, Rudbecklaboratoriet, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 20, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Schlossmacher, Michael G, MD, Professor
Ingelsson, Martin, MD., Ph.D., Associate ProfessorBergström, Joakim, Ph.D.Lannfelt, Lars, MD., Ph.D., Professor
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