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The photoelectron angular distribution of water clusters
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 138, no 23, 234306- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The angular distribution of photoelectrons emitted from water clusters has been measured by linearly polarized synchrotron radiation of 40 and 60 eV photon energy. Results are given for the three outermost valence orbitals. The emission patterns are found more isotropic than for isolated molecules. While a simple scattering model is able to explain most of the deviation from molecular behavior, some of our data also suggest an intrinsic change of the angular distribution parameter. The angular distribution function was mapped by rotating the axis of linear polarization of the synchrotron radiation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 138, no 23, 234306- p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205013DOI: 10.1063/1.4809748ISI: 000321012400015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-205013DiVA: diva2:640498
Available from: 2013-08-13 Created: 2013-08-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Multicomponent Clusters/Nanoparticles: An Investigation of Electronic and Geometric Properties by Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multicomponent Clusters/Nanoparticles: An Investigation of Electronic and Geometric Properties by Photoelectron Spectroscopy
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Clusters/nanoparticles are aggregates of a “small” number of building blocks, atoms or molecules, ranging from two up to millions of atoms. Two main groups of clusters have been studied using photoelectron spectroscopy based on synchrotron radiation. They are dry/wet alkali-halide clusters, including pure water clusters, and metal-based nanoparticles.

For the dry alkali halide clusters, analysis of the data and theoretical modeling has allowed us insights into the local electronic properties at nanoscale: a change of polarizability of ions in the alkali-halide clusters due to the varying environment has been suggested. The study of the wet salt clusters shows that the alkali-halides are already solvated at the nanoscale reached by water clusters doped with salt vapor.

The photoelectron angular distribution of water cluster shows lower anisotropy parameters as compared to the separate monomers. A model based on intracluster scattering has been built to partly explain the reduction.

In the last part of the thesis, metal-based multi-component nanoparticles have been produced by self-assembly processes using reactive magnetron sputtering. Depending on the specific metal element, oxidation processes have been applied before or after the aggregation. Clearly radial distributions such as core-shell and “sandwich-like” structures have unambiguously determined by photoelectron spectroscopy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 92 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1065
Keyword
Clusters, Nanoparticles, Alloy, Atmospheric chemistry, Alkali halide, Transition metals, X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy, Polarizability, Core-shell, Sandwich structure, MAX-lab, BESSY II
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205651 (URN)978-91-554-8730-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-10-03, Room 80101, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2013-09-12 Created: 2013-08-21 Last updated: 2014-01-22

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Zhang, ChaofanAndersson, TomasBjörneholm, Olle

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