Armed Conflicts, 1946-2012
2013 (English)In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 50, no 4, 509-521 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In 2012, the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) recorded 32 armed conflicts with a minimum of 25 battle-related deaths. This is a significant decrease from the 37 recorded in 2011. Overall, the 2000s has been the least conflict-ridden decade since the 1970s. A worrying finding, however, is that the number of internationalized intrastate conflicts continued to be at a high level for the fourth consecutive year. At six, the number of wars - conflicts leading to 1,000 or more battle-related deaths - remained the same as in 2011. In total, UCDP estimates that the conflicts that were active in 2012 caused between 37,175 (low estimate) and 60,260 (high estimate) battle-related deaths, with a best estimate of 37,941. The conflict that caused the highest number of fatalities in 2012 is the Syrian conflict, which led to between 14,830 (low) and 30,805 (high) battle-related deaths, with the best estimate being 15,055. Eleven armed conflicts listed in 2011 were not active in 2012; however, three new conflicts erupted during the year - India (Garoland), Mali and South Sudan vs. Sudan (common border) - and three previously registered conflicts were resumed by new actors. Lastly, 2012 saw an increase in the number of signed peace agreements which had been at a very low level over the past three years; four accords were concluded during the year, compared with one in 2011.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 50, no 4, 509-521 p.
battle-related deaths, conflict, data, peace agreement, war
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204991DOI: 10.1177/0022343313494396ISI: 000321701900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-204991DiVA: diva2:640910