New Insights in Genetic and Epigenetic Mechanisms Involved in Parathyroid Tumorigenesis
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is a pathology associated with one or multiple hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands. The disease prevalence occurs in roughly 1-2% of the population primarily post-menopausal women. The molecular pathology of the disease is poorly understood. Elevated serum calcium levels in the setting of an inappropriately elevated parathyroid hormone level are indicative of the disease process. The ultimate treatment of the disease is to remove the hyperfunctioning gland.
The aim of this thesis was to examine potential genetic and epigenetic aberrations that are potentially disease causing.
The methylation signature of normal and pathological parathyroid tissue has yet to be investigated. DNA was bisulphite modified and analyzed using the Infinium HumanMethylation27 BeadChip. Distinct hierarchical clustering of genes with altered DNA methylation profiles in normal and pathologic parathyroid tissue was evident. DNA hypermethylation of CDKN2B, CDKN2A, WT1, SFRP1, SFRP2, and SFRP4 known to be important in the development of parathyroid tumors were associated with reduced gene expression in both benign and malignant parathyroid tumors.
Familial primary hyperparathyroidism (FPHPT) may occur due to an underlying germ-line mutation in the MEN1, CASR, or HRPT2/CDC73 genes. Eighty-six young (≤45 years of age) patients with clinically non-syndromic PHPT underwent genetic analysis. Eight of 86 (9.3%) young patients with clinically non-familial PHPT displayed deleterious germ-line mutations in the susceptibility genes (4 MEN1, 3 CASR, and 1 HRPT2/ CDC73).
Accumulation of non-phosphorylated active β -catenin has been reported to commonly occur in parathyroid adenomas from patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). We assessed possible β-catenin stabilizing mutations in a large series of parathyroid adenomas. A total of one hundred and eighty sporadic parathyroid adenomas were examined for mutations in exon 3 of the CTNNB1gene. The mutation S33C (TCT >TGT) was detected by direct-DNA sequencing of PCR fragments in 1 out of 180 sporadic parathyroid adenomas (0.68 %).
Eight matched tumor-constitutional DNA pairs from patients with sporadic parathyroid adenomas underwent whole-exome capture and high-throughput sequencing. Four of eight tumors displayed a frame shift deletion or nonsense mutations within the MEN1 gene, which was accompanied by loss of heterozygosity of the remaining wild-type allele. One tumor harbored a Y641N mutation of the histone methyltransferase EZH2 gene, previously linked to myeloid and lymphoid malignancy formation. Targeted sequencing in the additional 185 parathyroid adenomas revealed a high rate of MEN1 mutations (35%).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. , 36 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 927
Parathyroid, yumorigenesis, mutation, exome sequencing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205587ISBN: 978-91-554-8727-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-205587DiVA: diva2:642110
2013-10-03, Rosen salen, Akademiska sjukhuset, ingång 95, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Miller, Barbra, Dr
Björklund, Peyman, Dr
List of papers