The cyanobacterial amino acid beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine perturbs the intermediary metabolism in neonatal rats
2013 (English)In: Toxicology, ISSN 0300-483X, E-ISSN 1879-3185, Vol. 312, 6-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The neurotoxic amino acid β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is produced by most cyanobacteria. BMAA is considered as a potential health threat because of its putative role in neurodegenerative diseases. We have previously observed cognitive disturbances and morphological brain changes in adult rodents exposed to BMAA during the development. The aim of this study was to characterize changes of major intermediary metabolites in serum following neonatal exposure to BMAA using a non-targeted metabolomic approach. NMR spectroscopy was used to obtain serum metabolic profiles from neonatal rats exposed to BMAA (40, 150, 460mg/kg) or vehicle on postnatal days 9-10. Multivariate data analysis of binned NMR data indicated metabolic pattern differences between the different treatment groups. In particular five metabolites, d-glucose, lactate, 3-hydroxybutyrate, creatine and acetate, were changed in serum of BMAA-treated neonatal rats. These metabolites are associated with changes in energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism. Further statistical analysis disclosed that all the identified serum metabolites in the lowest dose group were significantly (p<0.05) decreased. The neonatal rat model used in this study is so far the only animal model that displays significant biochemical and behavioral effects after a low short-term dose of BMAA. The demonstrated perturbation of intermediary metabolism may contribute to BMAA-induced developmental changes that result in long-term effects on adult brain function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 312, 6-11 p.
β-N-methylamino-L-alanine, cyanobacteria, energy metabolism, neurotoxin, metabolomics, NMR
Analytical Chemistry Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research subject Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry; Pharmaceutical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205735DOI: 10.1016/j.tox.2013.07.010ISI: 000327005300002PubMedID: 23886855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-205735DiVA: diva2:642592