Seismic properties of the Kohistan oceanic arc root: insights from laboratory measurements and thermodynamic modeling
2013 (English)In: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, ISSN 1525-2027, Vol. 14, no 6, 1819-1841 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
P-wave velocities (Vp) have been measured in the laboratory and calculated using thermodynamic modeling for seven representative rock samples from the lower crust to mantle section of the Kohistan paleo-island arc. Lower crustal rocks comprise plagioclase-rich gabbro, garnet-bearing gabbro, and hornblendite; mantle rocks comprise garnetite, pyroxenite, websterite, and dunite. Measurements were performed at confining pressures up to 0.5GPa and temperatures up to 1200 degrees C. Vp were also calculated using rock major element chemistry with the Perple_X software package. Calculated Vp match closely the laboratory measurements. At depths representative for the arc root, Vp of upper mantle rocks vary from 7.7-8.1km/s, whereas the lower crustal rocks have velocities between 6.9-7.5km/s. P-wave anisotropy is small, with exceptions of sheared gabbros. Measured and calculated seismic properties are consistent with, and complement a growing database of published seismic properties from the Kohistan arc. In the light of such data, we discuss seismic imaging of present-day island arcs. Intermediate Vp (7.4-7.7km/s) in arc roots can be explained by pyroxenites and garnet-bearing mafic rocks. Strong seismic reflectors may be related to garnetites (8.0-8.2km/s).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 14, no 6, 1819-1841 p.
seismic properties, Kohistan paleo-island arc, Perple_X thermodynamic modelling, Moho; lower crust; upper mantle
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205826DOI: 10.1002/ggge.20125ISI: 000321960000010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-205826DiVA: diva2:642705