Proliferation resistance assessments during the design phase of a fuel recycling facility as a means of reducing proliferation risks
2013 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
The sustainability criterion for Gen IV nuclear energy systems inherently presumes the availability of efficient fuel recycling capabilities. One area for research on advanced fuel recycling concerns safeguards aspects of this type of facilities. Since a recycling facility may be considered as sensitive from a non-proliferation perspective, it is important to address these issues early in the design process, according to the principle of Safeguards By Design.
Presented in this paper is a mode of procedure, where assessments of the proliferation resistance (PR) of a recycling facility for fast reactor fuel have been performed so as to identify the weakest barriers to proliferation of nuclear material. Two supplementing established methodologies have been applied; TOPS and PR&PP. The chosen fuel recycling facility belongs to a small Gen IV lead-cooled fast reactor system that is under study in Sweden. A schematic design of the recycling facility, where actinides are separated using solvent extraction, has been examined.
The PR assessment methodologies make it possible to pinpoint areas in which the facility can be improved in order to reduce the risk of diversion. The initial facility design may then be slightly modified and/or safeguards measures may be introduced to reduce the total identified proliferation risk. After each modification of design and/or safeguards implementation, a new PR assessment of the revised system can been carried out. This way, each modification can be evaluated and new ways to further enhance the proliferation resistance can be identified.
This type of iterative procedure may support Safeguards By Design in the planning of new recycling plants and other nuclear facilities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Proliferation resistance, safeguards by design, reprocessing, Generation IV
Other Physics Topics
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-205866DiVA: diva2:642904
GLOBAL 2013: International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference