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Wiman's forgotten plesiosaurs: the earliest recorded sauropterygian fossils from the High Arctic
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology.
2013 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, Vol. 135, no 1, 95-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The first detailed reports of sauropterygian remains from the Arctic island of Spitsbergen (Svalbard Archipelago) were published as short notes in 1914 and 1916 by the eminent Swedish palaeontologist Carl Wiman. Since then, his original specimens have languished in obscurity despite recent discoveries renewing interest in the Scandinavian polar territories as a highly significant source of Mesozoic marine amniote fossils. A reassessment of Wiman's Spitsbergen collection housed in the Museum of Evolution at Uppsala University, Sweden, has identified a pistosaurid vertebral centrum from probable Upper Triassic (Carnian) sediments in the Tschermakfjellet Formation, and various plesiosaurian elements including a previously undocumented partial skeleton most likely derived from the restricted Upper Jurassic (Tithonian) bone bed of the SlottsmOya Member, Agardhfjellet Formation. Although fragmentary, Wiman's sauropterygian fossils are historically important and comprise one of the oldest stratigraphical occurrences from the Mesozoic Boreal high-latitude region of Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 135, no 1, 95-103 p.
Keyword [en]
Plesiosauria, Pistosauridae, Spitsbergen, Svalbard Archipelago, Late Triassic, Late Jurassic
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205400DOI: 10.1080/11035897.2012.753949ISI: 000321173200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-205400DiVA: diva2:644146
Available from: 2013-08-29 Created: 2013-08-16 Last updated: 2013-08-29Bibliographically approved

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