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Theoretical model for predicting the relative timings of potential failures in steam generator tubes of a PWR during a severe accident
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2013 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, ISSN 0306-4549, E-ISSN 1873-2100, Vol. 59, 10-15 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During certain severe reactor accidents such as station-blackout accidents, countercurrent natural circulation flow could develop within the reactor coolant system. Natural circulation flow is very important because of transfer of decay energy from the core to other parts of the reactor coolant system. The associated heat-ups of the reactor coolant system structures can lead to pressure boundary failures with notable vulnerabilities in the pressurizer surge line, the hot leg nozzles and the steam generator tubes. The potential for a steam generator tube failure has been of particular concern because fission products could be released to the environment through such a failure. To solve the problem of steam generator tube failure, a computer code - Steam Generator Mitigation Program (SGMP), written in FORTRAN 95 computes the recirculation ratio (RR) and the mixing fraction (MF) which are the main parameters used in characterizing natural circulation. In the flow analysis, the RR and MF were respectively found to be 2.4 +/- 0.3 and 0.8 +/- 0.17. The results obtained showed that the natural circulation would delay the failure time of the steam generator tubes and is in good qualitative agreement with results from literature. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 59, 10-15 p.
Keyword [en]
Countercurrent natural circulation flow, Severe accident, Steam generator tube rapture, Natural circulation flow parameters
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206389DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2013.03.013ISI: 000320834800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-206389DiVA: diva2:644546
Available from: 2013-08-30 Created: 2013-08-30 Last updated: 2013-08-30Bibliographically approved

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Alhassan, Erwin
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Applied Nuclear Physics
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