Distribution of carbonate cements within depositional facies and sequence stratigraphic framework of shoreface and deltaic arenites, Lower Miocene, the Gulf of Suez rift, Egypt
2013 (English)In: Marine and Petroleum Geology, ISSN 0264-8172, Vol. 45, 267-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study aims to unravel the spatial and temporal distribution of diagenetic alterations of the Mheiherrat Member, the Rudeis Formation (lower Miocene) of the Gulf of Suez rift, Egypt within depositional fades and sequence stratigraphy. The Mheiherrat member is represented by shoreface calcarenites and hybrid arenites (transgressive and highstand systems tracts; TST and HST; respectively) and deltaic rudites and coarse-grained calcarenites and hybrid arenites (lowstand systems tracts; LST). Petrographic, stable O- and C-isotopes, mineral chemical and geochemical analyses have revealed that the arenites are pervasively cemented by eogenetic carbonates and, to small extent, by zeolite and pyrite as well as by telogenetic palygorskite. The shoreface TST and HST calcarenites and hybrid arenites were dominantly cemented by microcrystalline grain-rimming and inter- and intragranular pore-filling calcite (delta O-13(V-PDB) = -3.6 parts per thousand to -0.3 parts per thousand and delta C-13(V-PDB) = -2.3 parts per thousand to -0.7 parts per thousand) and rhombic dolomite (delta C-13(V-PDB) = -3.9 parts per thousand to +0.9 parts per thousand and delta C-13(V-PDB) = -2.5 parts per thousand to -0.7 parts per thousand). These cements are interpreted to be formed by marine to brackish waters with delta O-13(V-SMOW) -1.2 parts per thousand to +3.2 parts per thousand, at temperature of 20-55 degrees C. The deltaic LST coarse-grained calcarenites and hybrid arenites were dominantly cemented by coarse-crystalline, inter- and intragranular pore-filling calcite (delta O-13(V-PDB) -4.4 parts per thousand to -2.3% and delta C-13(V-PDB) = -2.8 parts per thousand. to -1.3 parts per thousand.), which are interpreted to have precipitated from pore waters with delta O-13(V-SWOM) +3.5 parts per thousand. to +5.5 parts per thousand, at temperatures of greater than 55 degrees C. Such pervasive cementation by carbonates is attributed to the occurrence of abundant intrabasinal carbonate grains. The carbonate cement texture is suggested to be controlled by changes in pore-water chemistry owing to transgression and regression events. This case study revealed that better understanding of factors controlling the extent and textural habits of carbonate cements can be achieved when it is linked with depositional facies and sequence stratigraphy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 45, 267-280 p.
Coarse-grained delta, Shoreface, Arenites, Diagenesis, Sequence stratigraphy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206576DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.04.019ISI: 000322056600019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-206576DiVA: diva2:644874