Vitamin C intake and breast cancer mortality in a cohort of Swedish women
2013 (English)In: British Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0007-0920, E-ISSN 1532-1827, Vol. 109, no 1, 257-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Vitamin C may influence cancer progression through its antioxidant properties. However, the evidence from observational epidemiologic studies on vitamin C intake and survival following breast cancer diagnosis is not consistent, and the safety of vitamin C supplements following breast cancer diagnosis has not been extensively studied. Methods: Using a food-frequency questionnaire we investigated whether vitamin C intake was associated with survival among 3405 women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer in the Swedish Mammography Cohort. Results: From 1987-2010, there were 1055 total deaths with 416 deaths from breast cancer. Women in the highest quartile of pre-diagnosis vitamin C intake had an adjusted HR (95% CI) of breast cancer death of 0.75 (0.57-0.99) compared with those in the lowest quartile (P-trend=0.03). There was a borderline significant association between vitamin C intake and total mortality (HR 0.84; 95% CI 0.71-1.00; P-trend=0.08). Among 717 breast cancer cases for whom post-diagnosis supplement use was available, there was no association between vitamin C supplement use (approximate to 1000 mg) and breast cancer-specific mortality (HR=1.06; 95% CI=0.52-2.17). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that dietary vitamin C intake before breast cancer diagnosis may be associated with breast cancer survival. In addition, post-diagnosis vitamin C supplementation at the level observed in our population was not associated with survival.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 109, no 1, 257-264 p.
breast cancer, diet, epidemiology, vitamin C, supplements, survival
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206447DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2013.269ISI: 000321702400033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-206447DiVA: diva2:644914