Structural and functional properties of platelet-derived growth factor and stem cell factor receptors
2013 (English)In: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, ISSN 1943-0264, Vol. 5, no 8, UNSP a009100- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The receptors for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and stem cell factor (SCF) are members of the type III class of PTK receptors, which are characterized by five Ig-like domains extracellularly and a split kinase domain intracellularly. The receptors are activated by ligand-induced dimerization, leading to autophosphorylation on specific tyrosine residues. Thereby the kinase activities of the receptors are activated and docking sites for downstream SH2 domain signal transduction molecules are created; activation of these pathways promotes cell growth, survival, and migration. These receptors mediate important signals during the embryonal development, and control tissue homeostasis in the adult. Their overactivity is seen in malignancies and other diseases involving excessive cell proliferation, such as atherosclerosis and fibrotic diseases. In cancer, mutations of PDGF and SCF receptors-including gene fusions, point mutations, and amplifications-drive subpopulations of certain malignancies, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, hypereosinophilic syndrome, glioblastoma, acute myeloid leukemia, mastocytosis, and melanoma.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 5, no 8, UNSP a009100- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206823DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a009100ISI: 000323051800003PubMedID: 23906712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-206823DiVA: diva2:645511