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Quantitative ST-depression in Acute Coronary Syndromes: the PLATO Electrocardiographic Substudy
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2013 (English)In: American Journal of Medicine, ISSN 0002-9343, E-ISSN 1555-7162, Vol. 126, no 8, 723-+ p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics were aligned with clinical outcomes and the effect of ticagrelor within the diverse spectrum of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome patients enrolled in the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial. METHODS: There were 8884 PLATO patients who had baseline ECGs assessed by a core laboratory; of these, 4935 had an ECG at hospital discharge that also was assessed. Associations with study treatment on vascular death or myocardial infarction within 1 year were examined. RESULTS: At baseline, most patients had either no or <= 0.5 mm of ST-segment depression (57%); 26% had 1.0 mm, and 17% had more extensive depression (>1.0 mm). Across the baseline ST-segment depression strata, there was a consistent treatment benefit with ticagrelor versus clopidogrel on vascular death/myocardial infarction. The extent of residual ST-segment depression at discharge was similar in the treatment groups, and the treatment effect did not differ by the extent of discharge ST-segment depression. There was a progressive increase in vascular death/myocardial infarction with increasing extent of baseline ST-segment depression (1.0 mm [vs no/0.5 mm]: hazard ratio [HR] 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.45; > 1.0 mm: HR 1.49; 95% CI, 1.24-1.78; P < .001) and at discharge (HR 1.28; 95% CI, 1.02-1.61; HR 2.13; 95% CI, 1.54-2.95; P <. 001). CONCLUSION: The treatment effect of ticagrelor among non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome patients was consistently expressed across all baseline ST-segment depression strata. There was no indication of an anti-ischemic benefit of ticagrelor as reflected on the discharge ECG. Our data affirm the independent prognostic relationship of both baseline and hospital discharge ST-segment depression on outcomes within 1 year in non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 126, no 8, 723-+ p.
Keyword [en]
Acute coronary syndrome, Electrocardiography, Platelet inhibition
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206984DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.01.038ISI: 000322827200027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-206984DiVA: diva2:646461
Available from: 2013-09-09 Created: 2013-09-09 Last updated: 2013-09-09Bibliographically approved

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James, StefanWallentin, Lars
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