Off-equilibrium photon production during the chiral phase transition
2013 (English)In: Annals of Physics, ISSN 0003-4916, E-ISSN 1096-035X, Vol. 336, 331-393 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the early stage of ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions chiral symmetry is restored temporarily. During this so-called chiral phase transition, the quark masses change from their constituent to their bare values. This mass shift leads to the spontaneous non-perturbative creation of quark-antiquark pairs, which effectively contributes to the formation of the quark-gluon plasma. We investigate the photon production induced by this creation process. We provide an approach that eliminates possible unphysical contributions from the vacuum polarization and renders the resulting photon spectra integrable in the ultraviolet domain. The off-equilibrium photon numbers are of quadratic order in the perturbative coupling constants while a thermal production is only of quartic order. Quantitatively, we find, however, that for the most physical mass-shift scenarios and for photon momenta larger than 1 GeV the off-equilibrium processes contribute less photons than the thermal processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 336, 331-393 p.
Heavy-ion collision, Chiral phase transition, Non-equilibrium quantum field theory, First-order photon production
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206954DOI: 10.1016/j.aop.2013.05.021ISI: 000322847400017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-206954DiVA: diva2:646671