uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
To Have or Not to Have a Child?: Perceived Constraints on Childbearing in a Lowest-Low Fertility Context
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Södertörns högskola.
2015 (English)In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8452, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 21, no 1, 86-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of perceived macro-level constraints on childbearing on women’s fertility decision-making on the micro level was analysed in Stakhanov, a city with a shrinking population in Eastern Ukraine. The perceived macro-level constraints employed in the study were related to childcare arrangements, value changes regarding family formation, and pollution of the environment and health concerns. To study the influence of those constraints, logistic regression analyses were conducted whereby first-birth and second-birth intentions were analysed separately. None of the constraints influenced childless women’s first-birth intentions. Instead, sociodemographic factors such as age and civil status appeared as significant predictors. That none of the constraints influenced childless women’s fertility intentions is interpreted to be an indicator of the strong norm of having at least one child in Ukraine.For women with one child, the fact that pollution of the environment and health concerns connected to childbirth were perceived as a constraint on childbearing at the national level was significantly associated with lower second-birth intentions. Women in Ukraine seem to perceive environmental pollution as a constraint on their fertility, possibly influenced by public discourse related to the health consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Moreover, the inhabitants of Stakhanov itself have experienced environmental pollution at close range. Those factors together could explain why environmental pollution and poor health were seen as constraints on childbearing at the national level, and the negative influence these had on second-birth intentions.It is argued that environmental pollution should be considered a factor influencing fertility decision-making. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 21, no 1, 86-101 p.
Keyword [en]
fertility intentions, lowest-low fertility, Eastern Ukraine, Stakhanov, environmental pollution
National Category
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Sociology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207263DOI: 10.1002/psp.1811ISI: 000347706100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-207263DiVA: diva2:647405
Available from: 2013-09-05 Created: 2013-09-11 Last updated: 2015-04-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Maybe Baby?: Reproductive Behaviour, Fertility Intentions, and Family Policies in Post-communist Countries, with a Special Focus on Ukraine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maybe Baby?: Reproductive Behaviour, Fertility Intentions, and Family Policies in Post-communist Countries, with a Special Focus on Ukraine
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies different aspects of reproductive behaviour on the international, national, and local levels in post-communist countries. The main focus is Ukraine, where fertility rates are very low and the population is in severe decline. The studies contribute new knowledge about the applicability of a family policy typology developed on the basis of Western countries’ experience for post-communist countries, and about the influence of family policies on fertility levels in these countries. Moreover, the studies investigate whether and how macro-level influences impact on individuals’ reproductive behaviour. Four articles are included in the thesis:

Family policies in Ukraine and Russia in comparative perspective analyses the institutional set-up of family policies in both countries and compares the findings to 31 other countries. The results show that Ukrainian family policies support a male-breadwinner type of family, while the benefit levels of Russian family policies are low, compelling families to rely on relatives or the childcare market.

Family policies and fertility - Examining the link between family policy institutions and fertility rates in 33 countries 1995-2010 comparatively explores whether family policies have an effect on fertility rates across the case-countries. Pooled time-series regression analysis demonstrates that gender-egalitarian family policies are connected to higher fertility rates, but that this effect is smaller at higher rates of female labour force participation.

To have or not to have a child? Perceived constraints on childbearing in a lowest-low fertility context investigates the influence of the perception of postmodern values, childcare availability and environmental pollution on individuals’ fertility intentions in a city in Eastern Ukraine. It is shown that women who already have a child perceive environmental pollution as a constraint on their fertility intentions.

Prevalence and correlates of the use of contraceptive methods by women in Ukraine in 1999 and 2007 examines changes in the prevalence and the correlates of the use of contraceptive methods. The use of modern contraceptive methods increased during the period and the use of traditional methods decreased, while the overall prevalence did not change. Higher exposure to messages about family planning in the media is correlated with the use of modern contraceptive methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. 64 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 109
Family policies, Family planning, Environmental pollution, Fertility rates, Fertility intentions, Contraceptive methods, Ukraine
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-243140 (URN)978-91-554-9170-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-04-17, MB503, Södertörns högskola, Alfred Nobels Allé 7, Huddinge, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2015-03-20 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2015-04-17

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wesolowski, Katharina
By organisation
Department of Sociology
In the same journal
Population, Space and Place

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 156 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link