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Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2013 (English)In: Religious Stereotyping and Interreligious Relations / [ed] Jesper Svartvik & Jakob Wirén, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1, 85-95 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Edward Said, the Palestinian professor of literature, concludes his classic work Orientalism by pointing out that the answer to orientalism is not occidentalism. In his view, orientalism characterises the West’s dichotomic and simplified view of the cultural, religious and socially heterogeneous region which is bundled under the common name of the Orient. Said exhorts that relationships with/attitudes towards the West must be based on a seeking of knowledge beyond expressions of simple and dichotomic world views. 

Despite this call, it can be said that the tradition of ideas of occidentalism, whose main feature is its copying of the world view of orientalism, has succeeded in taking root in the minds of a number of Muslim thinkers, although we can also see signs of many Muslim thinkers distancing themselves from its dichotomic world view. This latter group is critical of the support shown by Western countries to dictatorships in Muslim countries and of the West’s view of history and of itself, yet it values democracy and respect for human rights very highly.

It is important to note that the occidentalist tradition of ideas which has evolved in Muslim countries is not only a mirror image of orientalist ideas but also a tradition which has evolved in close connection to the encounter of Muslim thinkers with the ideas of modernity, the works of modern Western thinkers and, last but not least, the dubious actions of Western states in Muslim countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1. 85-95 p.
Keyword [en]
Occidentalism, Orientalism, Muslim World, Muslim Thinkers, Westernization
National Category
Research subject
Systematic Theology and Studies in Worldviews; History of Sciences and Ideas; Studies In Faiths and Ideologies
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207336ISBN: 978-1-137-34460-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-207336DiVA: diva2:647916
Available from: 2013-09-12 Created: 2013-09-12 Last updated: 2013-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
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