Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes among Persons Aged 35 to 60 Years in Eastern Uganda: Prevalence and Associated Factors
2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 8, e72554- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of abnormal glucose regulation (AGR) (i.e. diabetes and prediabetes) and its associated factors among people aged 35-60 years so as to clarify the relevance of targeted screening in rural Africa. Methods: A population-based survey of 1,497 people (786 women and 711 men) aged 35-60 years was conducted in a predominantly rural Demographic Surveillance Site in eastern Uganda. Participants responded to a lifestyle questionnaire, following which their Body Mass Index (BMI) and Blood Pressure (BP) were measured. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was measured from capillary blood using On-Call (R) Plus (Acon) rapid glucose meters, following overnight fasting. AGR was defined as FPG >= 6.1 mmol L-1 (World Health Organization (WHO) criteria or >= 5.6mmol L-1 (American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria. Diabetes was defined as FPG >6.9mmol L-1, or being on diabetes treatment. Results: The mean age of participants was 45 years for men and 44 for women. Prevalence of diabetes was 7.4% (95% CI 6.1-8.8), while prevalence of pre-diabetes was 8.6% (95% CI 7.3-10.2) using WHO criteria and 20.2% (95% CI 17.5-22.9) with ADA criteria. Using WHO cut-offs, the prevalence of AGR was 2 times higher among obese persons compared with normal BMI persons (Adjusted Prevalence Rate Ratio (APRR) 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.8). Occupation as a mechanic, achieving the WHO recommended physical activity threshold, and higher dietary diversity were associated with lower likelihood of AGR (APRR 0.6, 95% CI 0.4-0.9; APRR 0.6, 95% CI 0.4-0.8; APRR 0.5, 95% CI 0.3-0.9 respectively). The direct medical cost of detecting one person with AGR was two US dollars with ADA and three point seven dollars with WHO cut-offs. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of AGR among people aged 35-60 years in this setting. Screening for high risk persons and targeted health education to address obesity, insufficient physical activity and non-diverse diets are necessary.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 8, e72554- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207529DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072554ISI: 000323221500137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-207529DiVA: diva2:648596