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A hyaluronic acid-camptothecin nanoprodrug with cytosolic mode of activation for targeting cancer
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Polymer Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Polymer Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Polymer Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Polymer Chemistry.
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2013 (English)In: POLYM CHEM-UK, ISSN 1759-9954, Vol. 4, no 17, p. 4621-4630Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have developed a nanoprodrug that enables the uptake by cancer cells and the subsequent intracellular activation. The nanoprodrug is composed of a cancer cell-targeting biopolymer, hyaluronic acid (HA), and an anti-cancer drug, camptothecin (CPT). The chemical linkage between the polymer and the drug is stable outside the cells, thus maintaining the drug in an "off" state. The specific uptake of the nanoprodrug by cancer cells should then lead to an environmental change that results in the cleavage of the linkage, liberating the drug and thus entering the "on" state. The natural cancer-targeting biopolymer HA was modified with aldehyde "click" groups. This "clickable" HA was then conjugated to CPT modified with a hydrazide linker using a mild hydrazone-coupling reaction. The linker consists of a thiol-activated self-immolative dithioethoxycarbonyl spacer, which is stable in PBS buffer but should be rapidly cleaved in the reductive cytosolic environment of cancer cells. The resulting HA-CPT nanoprodrug released CPT only at low levels in PBS buffer. However, the drug was efficiently cleaved after the addition of dithiothreitol (DTT). Consistent with these data, the HA-CPT nanoprodrug showed a 3-fold greater cytotoxicity to cancer cells compared to free CPT. Fluorescence microscopy confirmed the rapid and efficient uptake of the HA-CPT nanoprodrug by the cancer cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4, no 17, p. 4621-4630
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207489DOI: 10.1039/c3py00402cISI: 000323361300013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-207489DiVA, id: diva2:648946
Available from: 2013-09-17 Created: 2013-09-16 Last updated: 2014-06-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Multi-functional Hyaluronan Based Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-functional Hyaluronan Based Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents strategies for constructing multi-functional biomaterials based on hyaluronan (HA) derivatives for various biomedical applications, such as drug delivery, tissue regeneration, and imaging biomaterials. The aim of this study is to improve the functionalities of HA biomaterials as well as simplify the preparation procedures.  Native HA polymer contains D-glucuronic acid residue with a carboxyl group per disaccharide unit that can be easily modified by carbodiimide-mediated amidation reaction. Therefore, we have designed a series of orthogonal groups (hydrazide, carbazate, aldehyde, and thiol) that can be linked to HA under mild conditions using the carbodiimide chemistry. Multiple functionalities can be introduced to the obtained HA derivatives via chemoselective “click”-type transformations.  

The modified HA derivatives were used for the preparation of either nanogel particles (NPs) or bulk hydrogels. Due to “click” character of the reactions used, structural HA transformations were performed with high fidelity on different scales including molecular (polymers), nanometer (NPs), and a visible scale (bulk hydrogels). By linking pyrene or camptothecin to hydrophilic HA backbone, amphiphilic polymers were obtained and utilized as drug delivery carriers or prodrugs, respectively. Subsequently, physically loaded drug (doxorubicin) could be released upon degradation of HA carriers, while the chemically linked camptothecin was released intact by a thiol-triggered cleavage reaction. Bisphosphonated HA (HA-BP) polymers were prepared to induce hydrogel scaffold bio-mineralization for bone regeneration application. Moreover, we could recruit strong binding capacity of bisphosphonate (BP) groups to calcium ions for the formation of physically crosslinked HA-BP gel upon simple mixing of the polymer and calcium phosphate nanoparticle components. This gel was more stable in vivo compared to hydrazone crosslinked HA gels. Furthermore, the hydrogel composed of fluorine-19 (19F) linked HA polymer was successfully observed by both 1H and 19F MR imaging.        

In conclusion, the presented herein study describes new approaches for building up multi-functional biomaterials from the HA-based blocks. The utilization of carbodiimide and click chemistries along with the enzymatic degradation of HA allowed simple and efficient interconversion between HA macromolecules, nanoparticles and macroscopic hydrogels. These HA-based biomaterials show high potential for use in the fields of drug delivery, bone regeneration, and imaging techniques.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. p. 51
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1155
Keywords
hyaluronan, biomaterials functionalizations, biomedical applications, orthogonal chemistry, drug delivery, tissue regeneration, MRI
National Category
Polymer Chemistry Materials Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224371 (URN)978-91-554-8974-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-09-17, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2014-06-04 Created: 2014-05-09 Last updated: 2014-06-30

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Yang, XiaKootala, SujitHilborn, JönsOssipov, Dmitri

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