Hosting capacity for photovoltaics in Swedish distribution grids
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
For planning issues, it is useful to know the upper limit for photovoltaics (PV) in the electrical grid with current design and operation (defined as hosting capacity) and how this limit can be increased. Future costs for grid reinforcement can be avoided if measures are taken to implement smart grid technology in the distribution grid.
The aim of this project is to identify challenges in Swedish electricity distribution grids with a high penetration of local generation of electricity from PV. The aim is also to help Swedish Distribution System Operators (DSOs) to better understand hosting capacity issues, and to see which room for PV integration there is before there is need for actions to maintain power quality.
Three distribution grids are modelled and simulated in Matlab: Rural area, Residential area and City (Stockholm Royal Seaport). Since the project is a cooperation between Uppsala University and Fortum, three different representative grids from Fortum’s grid software ”Power Grid” have been used as input to a flexible simulation program developed at Uppsala University. The simulation includes Newton-Raphson power-flow computing but has also been improved with a model of the temperature dependency of the resistance.
The results show that there is room for a lot of PV systems in the Swedish grids. When using voltage rise above 1.1 p.u. voltage as limitation, the hosting capacity 60% PV electricity generation as a fraction of the yearly load were determined for the rural grid and the suburban grid. For the city grid, which is very robust, the hosting capacity 325% was determined. When using overload as limitation, the hosting capacities 70%, 20% and 25%, were determined for the same grids.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 55 p.
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 13002
Photovoltaics, Solar Energy, Solar Power, Hosting Capacity, Grid Control, Grid Integration, Distribution Grids, High PV Penetration, Energy Systems, Stockholm, Sweden, Utilities, Voltage Fluctuation, Solar Inverters, Electricity, MATLAB, Newton-Raphson, Power Flow Models
Energy Engineering Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-207871OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-207871DiVA: diva2:650099
Fortum Distribution AB
Master Programme in Energy Systems Engineering
2012-06-13, Ångströmlaboratoriet, sal 13167, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 17:03 (Swedish)
Pernestål, Kjell, Univ.lekt.Widén, Joakim, Ph.D.