BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: [(18)F]HX4 is a promising hypoxia PET-tracer. Uptake, spatio-temporal stability and optimal acquisition parameters for [(18)F]HX4 PET imaging were evaluated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: [(18)F]HX4 PET/CT images of 15 NSCLC patients were acquired 2h and 4h after injection (p.i.). Maximum standardized-uptake-value (SUVmax), tumor-to-blood-ratio (TBRmax), hypoxic fraction (HF) and contrast-to-noise-ratio (CNR) were determined for all lesions. To evaluate spatio-temporal stability, DICE-similarity and Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated. Optimal acquisition-duration was assessed by comparing 30, 20, 10 and 5min acquisitions.
RESULTS: Considerable uptake (TBR >1.4) was observed in 18/25 target lesions. TBRmax increased significantly from 2h (1.6±0.3) to 4h p.i. (2.0±0.6). Uptake patterns at 2h and 4h p.i. showed a strong correlation (R=0.77±0.10) with a DICE similarity coefficient of 0.69±0.08 for the 30% highest uptake volume. Reducing acquisition-time resulted in significant changes in SUVmax and CNR. TBRmax and HF were only affected for scan-times of 5min.
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of NSCLC lesions showed considerable [(18)F]HX4 uptake. The heterogeneous uptake pattern was stable between 2h and 4h p.i. [(18)F]HX4 PET imaging at 4h p.i. is superior to 2h p.i. to reach highest contrast. Acquisition time may be reduced to 10min without significant effects on TBRmax and HF.
2013. Vol. 109, no 1, 58-64 p.