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Cambrian (Furongian) rhynchonelliform brachiopods from the Eastern Alborz Mountains, Iran
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology.
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2013 (English)In: Bulletin of Geosciences, ISSN 1214-1119, E-ISSN 1802-8225, Vol. 88, no 3, 525-538 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Cambrian (Furongian) shallow water carbonates in the Mila Formation in the Tuyeh-Darvar area (eastern Alborz, northern Iran) contain numerous shell beds, entirely composed of disarticulated valves of the billingsellide brachiopods Billingsella? fortis sp. nov. and Hyrcanostrophia tuyehensis gen. et sp. nov. Higher up in the Mila Formation, the shallow water carbonates are replaced by nodular limestones, deposited in an open marine environment, containing Palaeostrophia tecta Nikitin & Popov, 1983 and the early polytoechioid Darvaretoechia prisca gen. et sp. nov. These two different brachiopod assemblages are assigned to the oligotaxic Billingsella and Palaeostrophia associations, respectively. These associations are considered to represent precursors to the brachiopod-dominated benthic assemblages of the Palaeozoic Evolutionary Fauna. The new brachiopod faunas from the Alborz Terrane are closely similar to contemporaneous Furongian faunas from the Australasian sector of Gondwana, in particular, to those from South China and the Kazakhstanian terranes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 88, no 3, 525-538 p.
Keyword [en]
Furongian, Mila Formation, taxonomy, Billingsellida, Pentamerida
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-208148DOI: 10.3140/bull.geosci.1393ISI: 000321252500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-208148DiVA: diva2:651101
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR2009-4395, 2012-1658
Note

Includes figures. Includes references. Includes acknowledgements.

Available from: 2013-09-24 Created: 2013-09-24 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Holmer, Lars E.

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