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Water scarcity in the Jordan Valley; Impacts on Agriculture and Rural livelihoods: Threaths and opportunities to local sustainable agriculture; the case of al-Auja, Jordan River Valley
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Palestine has during the last two decades suffered from increasing water scarcity. This is particularlyvisible in the agricultural sector and in farming communities. These are heavily dependent on water as primaryirrigation source. Lack of water and investments has resulted in the destruction of the agricultural sector inPalestine. This thesis is focused as a case study in al-Auja, Jordan Valley that was once well-known for itsagricultural productivity and abundance of water resources. The aim of the thesis is to assess the socioeconomicand environmental impact of the water scarcity in Auja’s agriculture and livelihoods. The methods used arequalitative and the data was collected through field work in Auja in March – April, 2013. Results of the studyindicate that agricultural sector in Auja weakened due to lack of investments and technological innovation in achanging climate. The weakened agricultural sector was subjected to various shocks and stresses from late1980’s that ultimately led to an agricultural collapse, in 2003/4. Mass unemployment and food insecurityaffected the social sector; poorer nutritional intake, decreased school enrollment and the family composition.With little water, the environment changed from semi-arid to arid which eradicated various plant species andanimal habitat. Final results of the study indicate that the situation has gradually improved during the recentyears, much due to new investments in the area and higher education amongst Auja’s youth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 41 p.
Series
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 160
Keyword [en]
Jordan Valley, water scarcity, agriculture, qualitative research, sustainable development
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-208205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-208205DiVA: diva2:651322
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
Presentation
2013-08-15, Skåne, Department of Earth Science, Villavägen 16, 752 36 Uppsala, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-09-25 Created: 2013-09-25 Last updated: 2013-09-25Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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