Eco-certification of Farmed Seafood: Will it Make a Difference?
2013 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 42, no 6, 659-674 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Eco-certification is widely considered a tool for reducing environmental impacts of aquaculture, but what are the likely environmental outcomes for the world's fastest growing animal-food production sector? This article analyzes a number of eco-certification schemes based on species choice, anticipated share of the global seafood market, size of eligible producers, and targeted environmental impacts. The potential of eco-certification to reduce the negative environmental impacts of aquaculture at scale presently appears uncertain as: (a) certification schemes currently focus on species predominantly consumed in the EU and US, with limited coverage of Asian markets; (b) the share of certified products in the market as currently projected is too low; (c) there is an inequitable and non-uniform applicability of certification across the sector; (d) mechanisms or incentives for improvement among the worst performers are lacking; and (e) there is incomplete coverage of environmental impacts, with biophysical sustainability and ecosystem perspectives generally lacking.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 6, 659-674 p.
Eco-certification, Aquaculture, Seafood, LCA, Sustainability, Environmental impacts
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-208446DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0409-3ISI: 000323734700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-208446DiVA: diva2:652756