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Eco-certification of Farmed Seafood: Will it Make a Difference?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. (Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. (Naturresurser och hållbar utveckling)
2013 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 42, no 6, 659-674 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eco-certification is widely considered a tool for reducing environmental impacts of aquaculture, but what are the likely environmental outcomes for the world's fastest growing animal-food production sector? This article analyzes a number of eco-certification schemes based on species choice, anticipated share of the global seafood market, size of eligible producers, and targeted environmental impacts. The potential of eco-certification to reduce the negative environmental impacts of aquaculture at scale presently appears uncertain as: (a) certification schemes currently focus on species predominantly consumed in the EU and US, with limited coverage of Asian markets; (b) the share of certified products in the market as currently projected is too low; (c) there is an inequitable and non-uniform applicability of certification across the sector; (d) mechanisms or incentives for improvement among the worst performers are lacking; and (e) there is incomplete coverage of environmental impacts, with biophysical sustainability and ecosystem perspectives generally lacking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 42, no 6, 659-674 p.
Keyword [en]
Eco-certification, Aquaculture, Seafood, LCA, Sustainability, Environmental impacts
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-208446DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0409-3ISI: 000323734700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-208446DiVA: diva2:652756
Available from: 2013-10-01 Created: 2013-10-01 Last updated: 2017-12-06

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Jonell, MalinRönnbäck, Patrik

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