How children and adolescents in primary care cope with pain and the biopsychosocial factors that correlate with pain-related disability
2013 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 102, no 10, 1021-1026 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: To describe how children and adolescents cope with pain and to examine the biopsychosocial factors that correlate with pain-related disability (PRD) in a sample of primary care patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 133 patients, aged from eight to 16 years, who consulted primary care physiotherapy on a pain-related problem. Data were collected with the Functional Disability Inventory, the Pain Coping Questionnaire and a study-specific questionnaire. Linear multivariate regression analyses were applied to study the associations between PRD and (i) pain coping, (ii) individual-, pain-related and psychosocial variables. Results: Behavioural distraction, externalizing and catastrophizing explained 13% of the variance in PRD (regression model 1). In addition, pain intensity, worrying and the ability to reduce pain explained 21% of the variance in PRD (regression model 2). Conclusion: Variance in PRD was partly explained by pain intensity, worrying and ability to reduce pain and by behavioural distraction, externalizing and catastrophizing. Future prospective longitudinal studies are needed to identify possible additional variables explaining PRD, establish causality and the potential benefits of addressing these variables in interventions in primary care.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 102, no 10, 1021-1026 p.
Children, Pain coping, Pain-related disability, Primary care
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-208633DOI: 10.1111/apa.12352ISI: 000323886300032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-208633DiVA: diva2:654674