Integrated geological and geophysical studies in the SG4 borehole area, Tagil Volcanic Arc, Middle Urals: Location of seismic reflectors and source of the reflectivity
2000 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, E-ISSN 2156-2202, Vol. 105, no B9, 21333-21352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Near-vertical incidence reflection seismic data acquired in the Tagil Volcanic Arc (Middle Urals) show the upper crust to be highly reflective. Two intersecting seismic lines located near the ongoing ∼5400 m deep SG4 borehole show that the main reflectivity strikes approximately N-S and dips ∼35°–55° to the east. Prominent reflections intercept the borehole at ∼1000, ∼1500, 2800–2900, ∼3400, and between ∼4000 and 5400 m, which correspond to intervals of low velocity/low density/low resistivity. The surface projections of these reflections lie parallel to the strike of magnetic anomaly trends. Multioffset vertical seismic profile (VSP) data acquired in the SG4 borehole show a seismic response dominated by P to S reflected converted waves from the moderately east dipping reflectivity and from a set of very steep east dipping reflectors not imaged by the surface data. Modeling of the VSP data constrains the depth at which reflectors intercept the borehole and suggests that the P to S conversions are best explained by low-velocity porous intervals rather than higher-velocity mafic material. The most prominent east dipping reflection on the surface seismic data is only imaged on VSP shots that sample the crust closer to the E-W seismic line. This discrepancy between the VSP and the surface seismic data is attributed to rapid lateral changes in the physical properties of the reflector. Surface and borehole data suggest that the low-velocity/low-density/low-resistivity intervals are the most important source of reflectivity in the SG4 borehole area, although lithological contrasts may also play a role. Drill cores from the these zones contain hydrothermal alteration minerals indicating interaction with fluids. Tectonic criteria suggest that they might represent imbricated fracture zones often bounding different lithologies and/or intrusions. Some of them might also represent high-porosity lava flows or pyroclastic units, common in island arc environments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION , 2000. Vol. 105, no B9, 21333-21352 p.
CONTINENTAL-CRUST; COLLISION ZONE; SUPERDEEP WELL; RUSSIA; KOLA; VELOCITIES; SWEDEN; FAULT
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-37681DOI: 10.1029/2000JB900137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-37681DiVA: diva2:65580