HRG regulates tumor progression, epithelial to mesenchymal transition and metastasis via platelet-induced signaling in the pre-tumorigenic microenvironment
2013 (English)In: Angiogenesis, ISSN 0969-6970, E-ISSN 1573-7209, Vol. 16, no 4, 889-902 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mice lacking histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) display an accelerated angiogenic switch and larger tumors-a phenotype caused by enhanced platelet activation in the HRG-deficient mice. Here we show that platelets induce molecular changes in the pre-tumorigenic environment in HRG-deficient mice, promoting cell survival, angiogenesis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and that these effects involved signaling via TBK1, Akt2 and PDGFR beta. These early events subsequently translate into an enhanced rate of spontaneous metastasis to distant organs in mice lacking HRG. Later in tumor development characteristic features of pathological angiogenesis, such as decreased perfusion and pericyte coverage, are more pronounced in HRG-deficient mice. At this stage, platelets are essential to support the larger tumor volumes formed in mice lacking HRG by keeping their tumor vasculature sufficiently functional. We conclude that HRG-deficiency promotes tumor progression via enhanced platelet activity and that platelets play a dual role in this process. During early stages of transformation, activated platelets promote tumor cell survival, the angiogenic switch and invasiveness. In the more progressed tumor, platelets support the enhanced pathological angiogenesis and hence increased tumor growth seen in the absence of HRG. Altogether, our findings strengthen the notion of HRG as a potent tumor suppressor, with capacity to attenuate the angiogenic switch, tumor growth, EMT and subsequent metastatic spread, by regulating platelet activity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 16, no 4, 889-902 p.
Platelets, Angiogenesis, HRG, Metastasis, EMT
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209153DOI: 10.1007/s10456-013-9363-8ISI: 000324326900013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209153DiVA: diva2:656280