uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Social Media and Civil Society in the Russian Protests, December 2011: The role of social media in engagement of people in the protests and their self-identification with civil society
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Abstract [en]

The study examines the phenomenon of the December protests in Russia when thousands of citizens were involved in the protest movement after the frauds during the Parliamentary elections. There was a popular opinion in the Internet media that at that moment Russia experienced establishment of civil society, since so many people were ready to express their discontent publically for the first time in 20 years.

The focus of this study is made on the analysis of the roles that social media played in the protest movement. As it could be observed at the first glance, recruiting and mobilising individuals to participation in the rallies were mainly conducted via social media. The research analyses the concept of civil society and its relevance to the protest rhetoric and investigates, whether there was a phenomenon of civil society indeed and how it was connected to individuals’ motivation for joining the protest.

The concept of civil society is discussed through the social capital, social and political trust, e-democracy and mediatisation frameworks. The study provides a comprehensive description of the events, based on mainstream and new media sources, in order to depict the nature and the development of the movement. The structure of the protests is analysed through the new social movement theory. Also, various approaches to engagement of people in the social movements are presentedl, including political marketing framework.

The research was conducted in several main stages, using content analysis, survey and interviewing as main methods. The main conclusions of the study: relatively minor impact of social media in the engagement of people in the protest, a narrow section of the population as the audience of social media protesters (for them civil society mostly played a role of a customer need), and yet a significant potential of ICT in the future political life of the country.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 216 p.
Keyword [en]
Russia, social media, political mobilization, democracy, public sphere, social capital, new social movements, e-democracy, political marketing, digital divide
National Category
Media and Communications
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209325DiVA: diva2:656702
Subject / course
Media and Communication Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Social Sciences
Available from: 2013-10-21 Created: 2013-10-16 Last updated: 2013-10-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2796 kB)794 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2796 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Media and Communication Studies
Media and Communications

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 794 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 598 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link