The Balochi Language and Languages in Iranian Balochistan
2013 (English)In: The Journal of the Middle East and Africa, ISSN 2152-0844, Vol. 4, no 2, 153-167 p.Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
This article offers a broad introduction to the Balochi languageand its dialects, as well as current trends in the official languagepolicy both in Iran and in Pakistan. Other languages spoken inIranian Balochistan are also presented, and the problems of andprospects for the continuing use of the Balochi language in Iranare discussed. From a historical point of view, Balochi is classifiedas a Northwestern Iranian language closely related to Kurdish,although it is spoken in the southeastern corner of the Iranianlinguistic area. It is difficult to estimate the total number of Balochispeakers, but 10 million may serve as an approximation. The maindialect split is between Western, Southern, and Eastern Balochi.The fact that the Balochi speakers are separated into several countrieswith various official languages is another cause of dialectdifferentiation. Along with modernization came a secular educationsystem and a nationalist discourse, first in British Indiaand later in Iran. There is, however, no official use of Balochi asa language of administration or education. This poses a seriousthreat to the survival of the language beyond one or two moregenerations. Such a threat is, of course, even more imminent forthe languages spoken by smaller communities in southeasternIran, such as Jadgali, Brahui, Bashkardi, and Koroshi.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis Group, 2013. Vol. 4, no 2, 153-167 p.
Balochi, education, language policy, minority languages
Humanities Specific Languages
Research subject Iranian Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209388OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209388DiVA: diva2:657125