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The Iranian Reflexes of Proto-Iranian *ns
Friedrich-Schiller Universität Jena.
2013 (English)In: Orientalia Suecana, ISSN 0078-6578, Vol. 61, 138-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The obvious cognates of Avestan tąθra- ‘darkness’ in the other Iranian languages generally show no trace of the consonant θ; they all look like reflexes of *tār°. Instead of assuming a different word formation forthe non-Avestan words, I propose a solution uniting the obviously corresponding words under a common preform, starting from Proto-Iranian *taNsra-: Before a sonorant *ns was preserved as ns in Avestan (feedingthe change of tautosyllabic *sr > *θr) but changed to *nh elsewhere, followed by *anhr > *ã(h)r. Aparallel case of apparent variation can be explained similarly, namely Avestan pąsnu- ‘ashes’ and its cognates.Finally, the general development of Proto-Indo-Iranian *ns in Iranian and its relative chronology is discussed, including word-final *ns, where it is argued that the Avestan accusative plural of a-stems can be derived from *-āns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2013. Vol. 61, 138-145 p.
Keyword [en]
Proto-Iranian, nasals, sibilant, sound change, variation, chronology
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Iranian Languages; Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203440OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-203440DiVA: diva2:657359
Available from: 2013-10-18 Created: 2013-07-10 Last updated: 2013-10-18Bibliographically approved

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