Palladium-Catalyzed Nucleophilic Substitution of Alcohols: Mechanistic Studies and Synthetic Applications
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis deals with the palladium-catalyzed nucleophilic substitution of π-activated alcohols in which the C–O bond of a non-manipulated hydroxyl group is cleaved. The thesis is divided in two chapters describing two different catalytic systems.
Chapter 2 describes a heterogeneous palladium-catalyzed transfer hydrogenolysis of primary, secondary, and tertiary benzylic alcohols to generate the corresponding aromatic hydrocarbons using formic acid as the hydrogen donor. A detailed mechanistic investigation of this reaction has been conducted that establish the kinetic order of each reaction component and also the deuterium kinetic isotope effects. This data provide a mechanistic picture that the hydride transfer from formic acid to palladium, and not the C–O bond cleavage, is involved in the rate-determining step and that a catalytic amount of a base promotes the transfer hydrogenolysis.
Chapter 3 describes the development, mechanistic studies and synthetic scope of a homogeneous palladium-catalyzed amination of allylic alcohols. Isolation of the catalyst precursor and equilibrium studies of the palladium and π-acidic triphenylphosphite ligand show unique properties of this catalytic system. Stereochemical, kinetic, and kinetic isotope studies have been performed to provide insight into the mechanism of C–O bond cleavage of allylic alcohol and C–N bond formation catalyzed by the palladium complex. Interestingly, both O–H and C–O bond cleavages are involved in rate-determining steps.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. , 63 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1092
palladium, nucleophilic substitution, mechanism
Research subject Organic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209541ISBN: 978-91-554-8785-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209541DiVA: diva2:658388
2013-12-09, B21, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Ikariya, Takao, Prof
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