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Genotype-phenotype analysis of 18q12.1-q12.2 copy number variation in autism
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2013 (English)In: European Journal of Medical Genetics, ISSN 1769-7212, E-ISSN 1878-0849, Vol. 56, no 8, 420-425 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are complex neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by delays in social interactions and communication as well as displays of restrictive/repetitive interests. DNA copy number variants have been identified as a genomic susceptibility factor in ASDs and imply significant genetic heterogeneity. We report a 7-year-old female with ADOS-G and ADI-R confirmed autistic disorder harbouring a de novo 4 Mb duplication (18q12.1). Our subject displays severely deficient expressive language, stereotypic and repetitive behaviours, mild intellectual disability (ID), focal epilepsy, short stature and absence of significant dysmorphic features. Search of the PubMed literature and DECIPHER database identified 4 additional cases involving 18q12.1 associated with autism and/or ID that overlap our case: one duplication, two deletions and one balanced translocation. Notably, autism and ID are seen with genomic gain or loss at 18q12.1, plus epilepsy and short stature in duplication cases, and hypotonia and tall stature in deletion cases. No consistent dysmorphic features were noted amongst the reviewed cases. We review prospective ASD/ID candidate genes integral to 18q12.1, including those coding for the desmocollin/desmoglein cluster, ring finger proteins 125 and 138, trafficking protein particle complex 8 and dystrobrevin-alpha. The collective clinical and molecular features common to microduplication 18q12.1 suggest that dosage-sensitive, position or contiguous gene effects may be associated in the etiopathogenesis of this autism-ID-epilepsy syndrome. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 56, no 8, 420-425 p.
Keyword [en]
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Epilepsy, Intellectual disability (ID), Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), Copy number variants (CNVs)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209878DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2013.05.006ISI: 000324893900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209878DiVA: diva2:659853

P. Wang, P. Carrion and K. Calli contributed equally to this study.

Available from: 2013-10-28 Created: 2013-10-28 Last updated: 2013-10-28Bibliographically approved

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Thuresson, Ann-CharlotteAnnerén, Göran
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