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Nitrogen fertilization reduces Sphagnum production in bog communities
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolutionary Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolutionary Biology, Plant Ecology.
2000 (English)In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137, Vol. 147, no 3, 527-537 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effects of increased nitrogen influx on Sphagnum growth and on interspecific competition between Sphagnum species were studied in a 3-yr experiment in mires situated in two areas with different rates of airborne N deposition. Sphagnum growth was recorded after various supplementary N influxes (0, 1, 3, 5 and 10 g m −2 yr−1) in hummocks and lawn communities. Sphagnum biomass production decreased with increasing N influx in both areas. After the first season at the low-deposition site, Sphagnum showed an increased growth in length with the intermediate N treatment, but in the second and third seasons the control treatment had the highest growth in length. Capitulum dry mass increased with increasing N influx. Sphagnum N concentration and N/P quotient were higher at the high- than at the low-deposition site. The low quotient at the low-deposition site, together with the initial growth increase with intermediate N supplements, indicates that growth was N-limited at this site, but our lowest N supplement was sufficient to reduce growth. The N treatments had no effect on interspecific competition between the Sphagnum species. This indicates that the species have similar responses to N. The species studied all occur naturally on ombrotrophic, N-poor sites and show low tolerances to increased N influx. Reduced Sphagnum production may affect the carbon balance, changing the mires from C sinks to sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 147, no 3, 527-537 p.
Keyword [en]
air pollution; competition; eutrophication; fertilization; growth; nitrogen; Sphagnum; production; METHANE EMISSION; GROWTH; COMPETITION; DEPOSITION; METABOLISM; POLLUTANTS; VEGETATION; AMMONIUM; CARBON; FUSCUM
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-38094DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00717.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-38094DiVA: diva2:65993
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06

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Rydin, Håkan

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