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Parenting stress–comparisons between lesbian couples, heterosexual IVF-couples and spontaneous pregnat couples
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1254-9194
Karolinska Institutet, Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society.
3Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health and Science, Linköping University. Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden..
3Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health and Science, Linköping University. Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden..
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword [en]
lesbian, parenting stress, sperm donation, toddlers
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209975OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209975DiVA: diva2:660301
Available from: 2013-10-29 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2014-01-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Same, same but different: Lesbian couples undergoing sperm donation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Same, same but different: Lesbian couples undergoing sperm donation
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The desire to have children and form a family is for many people central for life fulfilment and the desire does not differ by sexual orientation. Due a series of societal changes during the last decade, today we see a lesbian baby boom. Planned lesbian families are a relatively new group of patients and parents in reproductive health care, yet little is known about psychological wellbeing during the transition to parenthood in these families. Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to fill a gap of knowledge about the psychological aspects of undergoing treatment with donated sperm, at the time of pregnancy and during early parenthood that affect lesbian couples forming a family. Method: This is a multicentre study comprising all 7 university clinics that perform gamete donation. The study includes lesbian couples undergoing treatment with donated sperm and heterosexual couples undergoing IVF treatment with their own gametes. Participants were recruited consecutively during 2005 and 2008. 165 lesbian couples and 151 heterosexual couples participated in the study. Participants responded questionnaires at three time points (T); time point 1 (T1) at the commencement of treatment, (T2) after the first round of treatment, around 2 month after T1 and (T3) 12-18 months after first treatment when a presumptive child had reached 1 year. Data was analysed with statistical methodology. Results: Lesbian couples reported an all over high satisfaction with relationship quality, good psychological wellbeing and low parenting stress. Heterosexual couples also reported good satisfaction with relationship quality, however somewhat lower than the lesbian couples. Parenting stress in the heterosexual couples was similar to the lesbian couples. A strong association was found between high relationship satisfaction and low parenting stress. Conclusions: Lesbian couples forming a family through sperm donation treatment are satisfied with their relationships, they report a good psychological health and experiences of low parenting stress. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 63 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 952
Keyword
Lesbian couples, sperm donation, assisted reproduction, relationship quality, symptoms of anxiety and depression, parenting stress
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209985 (URN)978-91-554-8803-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-12-13, Gustavianum, Auditorium Minus, Uppsala, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-21 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2014-01-23

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