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Short Dynamic Fibrils In Sunspot Chromospheres
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
2013 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 776, no 1, 56- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sunspot chromospheres display vigorous oscillatory signatures when observed using chromospheric diagnostics such as the strong Ca II lines and H alpha. New high-resolution sunspot observations from the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope show the ubiquitous presence of small-scale, periodic, jet-like features that move up and down. This phenomenon has not been described before. The typical width of these features is about 0 ''.3 and they display clear parabolic trajectories in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra, with the longest extending more than 1000 km. These jets resemble the dynamic fibrils found in plage regions but at smaller extensions. Local thermodynamic equilibrium inversion of spectropolarimetric Ca II 8542 observations enabled a comparison of the magnetic field inclination and properties of these short jets. We find that the most extended of these jets also have longer periods and tend to be located in regions with more horizontal magnetic fields. These results are direct observational confirmation of the mechanism of long-period waves propagating along inclined magnetic fields into the solar chromosphere. This mechanism was identified earlier as the driver of dynamic fibrils in plage, part of the mottles in the quiet Sun, and the type I spicules at the limb. The sunspot dynamic fibrils that we report here represent a new class of manifestation of this mechanism, distinct from the transient penumbral and umbral micro-jets reported earlier.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 776, no 1, 56- p.
Keyword [en]
Sun: atmosphere, Sun: chromosphere, Sun: oscillations, sunspots
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210176DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/776/1/56ISI: 000324989000056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210176DiVA: diva2:661636
Available from: 2013-11-04 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2013-11-04Bibliographically approved

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Rodriguez, Jaime de la Cruz
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