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Online gaming in relation to negative consequences and ill health among adolescents
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Tryckeriet Västmanlandssjukhus , 2013. , 48 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210296ISBN: 978-91-506-2376-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210296DiVA: diva2:661786
Presentation
2013-11-26, Mullvaden, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Västmanlandssjukhus ing.29 nb., Västerås, 13:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-14 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2013-11-14Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Influences of motives to play and time spent gaming on the negative consequences of adolescent online computer gaming
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influences of motives to play and time spent gaming on the negative consequences of adolescent online computer gaming
2012 (English)In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 28, no 4, 1379-1387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study we examined the relation between gaming-time, motives to play, and negative consequences due to playing MMORPGs. A total of 7757 Swedish adolescents (3872 boys and 3885 girls) between 13 and 18 years of age completed a questionnaire during class hours. Results indicated that time spent on gaming was associated with negative consequences. This relation was further explained by motives to play. Gaming for fun and social motives were associated with a reduced risk whereas gaming to escape, to gain status, or due to demands from others were associated with an increased risk of negative consequences. Motives to play should be considered as a prime indicator for negative consequences, even more than time spent gaming. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed.

Keyword
Adolescent, Behaviour problems, Computer games, Consequences, Motivation, Videogames
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178561 (URN)10.1016/j.chb.2012.02.023 (DOI)000304518000033 ()
Available from: 2012-07-31 Created: 2012-07-31 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
2. Motives for playing and online gaming time in relation to depression, musculoskeletal symptoms and psychosomatic symptoms: a populationbased cross-sectional study of Swedish adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Motives for playing and online gaming time in relation to depression, musculoskeletal symptoms and psychosomatic symptoms: a populationbased cross-sectional study of Swedish adolescents
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Objective: Playing online computer games is one of the most common leisure activities among adolescents. However, frequent computer-related activities have been suggested to be a new health risk factor associated with psychosomatic and physical complaints. The present study examined online gaming time and motives for playing, in relation to depression, musculoskeletal symptoms and psychosomatic symptoms. Methods: A total of 7,757 Swedish adolescents aged 13–18 years completed a voluntary, anonymous questionnaire during class hours that included questions about demographic background, depressive symptoms, musculoskeletal symptoms, psychosomatic symptoms and gaming habits. Results: Increased gaming time on weekdays elevated the odds for depression, musculoskeletal symptoms and psychosomatic symptoms. However, the effects of time spent gaming were further explained by motives for playing. Gaming on weekdays for more than five hours a day, in combination with escape motives, revealed the highest odds for depression symptoms (OR = 5.335, p < 0.001), musculoskeletal symptoms (OR = 2.614, p < 0.001), and psychosomatic symptoms (OR = 4.814, p < 0.001). The increases in odds for depression symptoms, musculoskeletal symptoms and psychosomatic symptoms were less obvious among weekend gamers. Conclusion: Motives for playing was the dominant factor in relation to depression, musculoskeletal symptoms and psychosomatic symptoms, whereas the time factor was of less importance. Online gaming motives may identify problem gamers in need of intervention to reduce their unhealthy gaming behaviour. Further research on health issues in relation to online gaming should consider the combined effects of time spent gaming and gaming motives.

Keyword
adolescent; computer games; depression; health; musculoskeletal symptoms; psychosomatic symptoms
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210295 (URN)
Note

Opublicerat manuscript. Ingår som delarbete2 i Licentiatexamination.

Available from: 2013-11-04 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2013-11-14Bibliographically approved

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Licentiatavhandling(414 kB)1597 downloads
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Hellström, Charlotta

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