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Global shifts in Noelaerhabdaceae assemblages during the late Oligocene-early Miocene
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology.
2013 (English)In: Marine Micropaleontology, ISSN 0377-8398, Vol. 103, 40-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates abundance variations in Noelaerhabdaceae assemblages during the late Oligocene-early Miocene at three subtropical sites in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans (DSDP Sites 516,608 and 588). At these three sites, nannofossil assemblages were characterized by the successive high proportion of Cyclicargolithus, Dictyococcites and Reticulofenestra. Local paleoceanographic changes, such as the input of nutrient-poor water masses, might explain shifts in ecological prominence within the Noelaerhabdaceae at DSDP Site 516 (South Atlantic). But the similar timing of a decline in Cyclicargolithus at the three studied sites more likely corresponds to a global process. Here, we explore possible causes for this long-term taxonomic turnover. A global change in climate, associated with early Miocene glaciations, could have triggered a decline in fitness of the taxon Cyclicargolithus. The ecological niche made vacant because of the decrease in Cyclicargolithus could then have been exploited by Dictyococcites and Reticulofenestra that became prominent in the assemblages after 20.5 Ma. Alternatively, this global turnover might reflect a gradual evolutionary succession and be the result of other selection pressures, such as increased competition between Cyclicargolithus and Dictyococcites/Reticulofenestra. A diversification within Dictyococcites/Reticulofenestra, indicated by an expansion in the size variation within this group since similar to 20.5 Ma, may have contributed to the decreased fitness of Cyclicargolithus. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 103, 40-50 p.
Keyword [en]
Noelaerhabdaceae, Cyclicargolithus decline, Late Oligocene, Early Miocene, Climate, Evolution
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210252DOI: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.07.004ISI: 000325195100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210252DiVA: diva2:661903
Available from: 2013-11-05 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2013-11-05Bibliographically approved

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