Thin sputter deposited gold films on In2O3:Sn, SnO2:In, TiO2 and glass: Optical, electrical and structural effects
2013 (English)In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, E-ISSN 1879-3398, Vol. 117, no SI, 462-470 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thin gold films are promising transparent conductors with many actual and potential uses in "green" technologies, transparent electronics, etc. These applications require different substrate materials, and hence it is important to understand the role of the substrate on Au thin film growth. Such effects have been studied in this work wherein Au films ranging from island structures, via large scale coalescence into meandering metal networks, to thin homogenous layers were deposited by DC magnetron sputtering onto glass substrates and In2O3:Sn (ITO), SnO2:In and TiO2 base layers backed by glass. Optical, electrical and structural properties were recorded for films deposited onto unheated substrates. We found distinct and characteristic differences in Au growth on the various backings. Thus ITO and SnO2:In base layers yielded gold films with island features remaining to larger thicknesses than for deposition directly onto glass, and the sheet resistance was lower for gold deposition onto SnO2:In and ITO only when the gold films were less than similar to 5 nm in thickness. Our results highlight the complexity of substrates' influence on thin film formation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 117, no SI, 462-470 p.
Gold film, Sputter deposition, Optical properties, Electrical properties, Nanostructure, Transparent conductor
Natural Sciences Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210232DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2013.06.051ISI: 000325188400070OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210232DiVA: diva2:661972