Why Gender Matters in Disaster Risk Reduction: Lessons learned from a UNDP project in Mongolia
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This study will examine gender mainstreaming in disaster risk reduction (DRR) programming by assessing a United Nations Development Program (UNDP) project in Mongolia. In order to do so both programme documents and policy outcomes are analysed according to international standards as well as from the perspective of the targeted population. It is a qualitative study, were data is collected using a combination of literature studies and semi-structured, open-ended interviews. Nine vulnerable women and one man living in the urban region of Ulaanbaatar was interviewed with the aim of getting a better understanding for the disaster risks they faced in their livelihood and what they did in order to mitigate the impact. Interviews were also conducted with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), non-governmental organisations (NGO) and project personal from UNDP as well as other UN agencies in order to examine how gender issues in relation to disaster management are perceived in Mongolia and how the UNDP project came to address differences in vulnerability.
In order to get a better understanding of UNDP Mongolia’s DRR project a general overview of the Mongolian disaster context will be provided, as well as a definition of what DRR in fact entails according to UNDP’s mandate and other international frameworks. A theoretical framework of why gender mainstreaming in DRR is so important will also be offered, by discussing the concept of gender differences in vulnerability, but also the growing notion that women and men’s perception of disasters differ and hence came to impact their incentives for preparedness and mitigation. As women tend to consider disasters as more serious threats than men they are also more likely to carry out preparedness activities. Making them important actors in DRR, rather than be considered as merely helpless disaster victims. Finally, the gender issues related to disasters in the specific Mongolian context will be discussed, by examining how Mongolian women’s role in society affects their vulnerability in different disaster settings but also how women themselves are mitigating risks. All with the intention to see to what extent UNDP Mongolia’s DRR project managed to address gender issues, both in accordance with international standards as well as in relation to the specific Mongolian context. Recommendations will also be offered for future DRR programs how the mainstreaming of gender perspective could be improved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 90 p.
DRR, Gender mainstreaming, Mongolia, disaster management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210654DiVA: diva2:663777
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Larsson Lidén, Lisbeth