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Influence of NICU co-care facilities and skin-to-skin contact on maternal stress in mothers of preterm infants
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
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2013 (English)In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, Vol. 4, no 3, 107-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate the influence of co-care facilities and amount of skin-to-skin contact during Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) stay on maternal stress in mothers of preterm infants at two months corrected age. Methods: A prospective cohort study that involved 300 mothers of pre-term infants was conducted in four NICUs (two with co-care facilities and two with non co-care) in Sweden. Data on duration of skin-to-skin contact per day for all days admitted to the NICU were collected using self-reports. Maternal stress was measured by the Swedish Parental Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ) at two months of infant's corrected age. Results: Mothers whose infants were cared for in a NICU with co-care facilities reported significantly lower levels of stress in the dimension of 'incompetence' compared to mothers whose infants had been cared for in non co-care NICUs. The amount of skin-to-skin experienced during the neonatal stay was not significantly associated with levels of maternal stress at two months corrected age. Conclusion: The finding that mothers who do not experience co-care facilities experience greater levels of stress in relation to feelings of incompetence is of concern. Improvements to NICU environments are needed to ensure that mother-infant dyads are not separated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4, no 3, 107-112 p.
Keyword [en]
Skin to skin, Co-care, Mother, Neonatal intensive care unit, Parental stress, Preterm infant
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210720DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2013.06.002ISI: 000325387700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210720DiVA: diva2:664808
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-14 Last updated: 2013-11-18Bibliographically approved

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