Cellular cyclic AMP levels modulate insulin sensitivity and responsiveness: evidence against a significant role of Gi in insulin signal transduction
1993 (English)In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC, ISSN 0006-291X, E-ISSN 1090-2104, Vol. 196, no 1, 287-293 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Treating rats with pertussis toxin (PTX) both elevated the adipocyte cAMP levels and impaired sensitivity and responsiveness to the antilipolytic effect of insulin in the presence of different beta-adrenergic agonists. However, in the presence of a fixed medium concentration of the degradable cAMP analogue, 8-bromo-cAMP, the effect of insulin was similar in PTX- and control cells. Elevating the cAMP levels in control cells either through different concentrations of the cAMP analogue or addition of adenosine deaminase impaired both insulin sensitivity and responsiveness to a similar extent as that seen in PTX-treated cells. The antilipolytic effect of insulin was exerted through the activation of the cGMP-inhibitable phosphodiesterase (cGI-PDE) as it was dose-dependently impaired by the specific cGI-PDE inhibitor OPC 3911. The results show the importance of the cellular cAMP levels in modulating insulin sensitivity and action. Gi plays a minor role, if any, for the signal transduction of the antilipolytic effect of insulin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 196, no 1, 287-293 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-211337DOI: 10.1006/bbrc.1993.2247PubMedID: 8216302OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-211337DiVA: diva2:665998