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Effects of peroxovanadate and vanadate on insulin binding, degradation and sensitivity in rat adipocytes
The Lundberg Laboratory for Diabetes Research, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Göteborg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
1996 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, ISSN 0006-3002, E-ISSN 1878-2434, Vol. 1310, no 1, 103-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effects of vanadate and the stable peroxovanadate compound bpV(pic) on insulin binding and degradation were investigated in rat adipocytes under conditions of ongoing receptor cycling. Both bpV(pic) and vanadate increased 125I-insulin binding to intact cells through an increase in apparent receptor affinity. The maximal effect of bpV(pic) was to increase binding approximately 4-fold (EC50 0.06 +/- 0.01 mM), whereas vanadate increased binding approximately 2-fold (EC50 1.4 +/- 0.2 mM). Removal of cell surface insulin-receptor complexes with trypsin showed that the effects on binding exerted by bpV(pic) and vanadate were due to a similar increase in both cell surface binding and intracellular accumulation of radioactivity. Both bpV(pic) and vanadate inhibited the degradation of 125I-insulin in medium containing 1% bovine serum albumin. The ratio of degraded/intact intracellular 125I-insulin was also markedly reduced by these agents, suggesting that they inhibit intracellular insulin-degrading proteases. Similar to previous findings with vanadate, bpV(pic) stimulated glucose transport and, at low concentrations, enhanced insulin sensitivity. Taken together, these data demonstrate that both bpV(pic) and vanadate inhibit insulin degradation. In addition, they significantly enhance cell surface insulin binding in rat fat cells and this is associated with an improved insulin sensitivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 1310, no 1, 103-109 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-211329PubMedID: 9244182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-211329DiVA: diva2:666008
Available from: 2013-11-21 Created: 2013-11-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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