Evaluation of electroosmotic markers in aqueous and nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis
2013 (English)In: Electrophoresis, ISSN 0173-0835, E-ISSN 1522-2683, Vol. 34, no 24, 3252-3259 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The most common method to determine the EOF in CE is to measure the migration time for a neutral marker. In this study, 12 compounds (three novel and some previously used) were investigated as EOF markers in aqueous and nonaqueous BGEs. In the aqueous buffer systems (ammonium acetate, sodium phosphate, and sodium borate) the evaluation included a wide pH range (2-12). Two BGEs contained chiral selectors (sulphated-β-CD, (-)-diketogulonic acid) and one that contained a micellar agent (SDS) were included in the study. The majority of the evaluated compounds were found to migrate with the EOF in the water-based BGEs and are thus useful as EOF markers. However, in the SDS-based BGE only four of the compounds (acetone, acrylamide, DMSO, and ethanol) were found to be applicable. In the nonaqueous BGEs 11 markers (acetone, acetophenone, acrylamide, anthracene, benzene, 4-(4-methoxybenzylamino)-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole, benzyl alcohol, 2,5-diphenyloxazole, ethanol, flavone, and mesityl oxide) seemed to be functional as EOF markers. Even though several of the evaluated compounds can be used as EOF markers in the investigated BGEs, the authors would recommend the use of acrylamide as a general marker for UV detection. Furthermore, the four fluorescent markers (of which three were novel) gave RSD values equal to the other markers and can be used for the determination of the EOF in CE or microchip CE with fluorescence detection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 34, no 24, 3252-3259 p.
Acrylamide, Electroendosmotic flow, Electroosmotic mobility, Electroosmosis, EOF markers
Pharmaceutical Sciences Analytical Chemistry
Research subject Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-212368DOI: 10.1002/elps.201300305ISI: 000329992600002PubMedID: 24123115OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-212368DiVA: diva2:677298