Study of demagnetization risk for a 12 kW direct driven permanent magnet synchronous generator for wind power
2013 (English)In: Energy Science & Engineering, Vol. 1, no 3, 128-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
One of the main aspects when designing a permanent magnet (PM) generator is to choose suitable PMs, both in terms of achieving the required flux in the generator but also of withstanding high demagnetizing fields, that is, having sufficiently high coercivity. If the coercivity is too low, the magnets are at risk of demagnetizing, fully or partially, at the event of a short circuit and/or an increase in temperature. This study aims to determine the risk of demagnetization for a 12 kW direct driven permanent magnet synchronous generator. Furthermore, as the prices on PMs have increased drastically the last few years the possibility to use smaller and/or cheaper PMs of different grades has been investigated. A new proprietary finite element method (FEM) model has been developed, which is also presented. The study is based on simulations from this FEM model and is focused on NdFeB magnets. Results show that the reference magnet can withstand a two-phase short circuit at both the temperatures tested and in both geometries. The use of cheaper magnets, smaller air gap and in the event of a two-phase short circuit often results in partial irreversible demagnetization. However, magnets with lower coercivity are easier demagnetized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 1, no 3, 128-134 p.
Demagnetization, NdFeB, permanent magnet, simulation, synchronous generator
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-212671DOI: 10.1002/ese3.16OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-212671DiVA: diva2:678837