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Including Peace: The Influence of Electoral Management Bodies on Electoral Violence
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7167-609X
2013 (English)In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 7, no 4, 713-731 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What accounts for the difference between peaceful and violent elections in semi-authoritarian countries? This article analyses the influence of electoral management bodies (EMBs) on the likelihood of widespread violence triggered by opposition protest during election times. It is argued that by establishing inclusive and collaborative relationships through which political actors can jointly negotiate important electoral issues, EMBs influence the incentive structure of the major stakeholders in favour of non-violent strategies. The relationship is explored by comparing elections in Malawi (2004), Ethiopia (2005) and Zanzibar (2005). The analysis supports the idea that inclusive EMBs, rather than legal independence, are critical to guarantee the influence of the opposition in order to address both their interests and their mistrust of electoral politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 7, no 4, 713-731 p.
Keyword [en]
elections, violence, Africa, electoral manangement bodies
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-212885DOI: 10.1080/17531055.2013.841024ISI: 000327513100008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-212885DiVA: diva2:679430
Available from: 2013-12-16 Created: 2013-12-16 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Fjelde, HanneHöglund, Kristine

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