Muscle-specific regulation of the mTOR signaling pathway in MuSK antibody seropositive (MuSK plus ) experimental autoimmune Myasthenia gravis (EAMG)
2013 (English)In: Neuroscience research, ISSN 0168-0102, E-ISSN 1872-8111, Vol. 77, no 1-2, 102-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Myasthenia gravis (MG) patients with antibodies against muscle specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK+) typically present focal fatigue and atrophy of the facial and bulbar muscles, including the masseter muscle, whereas leg muscles often are clinically spared. This study addresses the regulation of the mTOR signaling pathway in the masseter muscle versus the leg muscle tibialis anterior (TA). We analyzed muscle morphology, protein levels of mTOR components as well as atrogenes and mitochondrial markers in these muscles of healthy control mice and mice with different clinical severity grades of MuSK+ experimental autoimmune MG (EAMG). Protein levels of mTOR components were reduced in the atrophic masseter muscle of MuSK+ EAMG mice, whereas enhanced accumulation of mTOR components was observed in the TA muscles. Two other muscles: omohyoid and soleus showed intermediate spectra. In conclusion, the anabolic mTOR signaling pathway is differentially regulated even in muscles with the same activity pattern in the same neuromuscular disease. This could in part explain the clinical phenotype in MuSK+ EAMG as well as in muscular dystrophies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 77, no 1-2, 102-109 p.
Muscle atrophy, mTOR, Myasthenia gravis, MG, MuSK
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213095DOI: 10.1016/j.neures.2013.07.008ISI: 000327171700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-213095DiVA: diva2:681363