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Studenters attityder till HPV vaccin
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: HPV är den vanligaste sexuella virusinfektionen och orsakar 70 % av all livmoderhalscancer världen över. HPV kan även orsaka anogenital- och tonsillcancer samt kondylom. Två vaccin mot HPV finns registrerat på marknaden och i Sverige har vaccinering mot HPV, för flickor födda 1999 eller senare, ingått i det nationella vaccinationsprogrammet sedan 2010.

Syftet: Att undersöka vilka attityder studenter som läste sista året på sjuksköterskeprogrammet och läkarprogrammet hade om HPV och HPV vaccin

Metod: En enkät besvarades av 138 studenter på sjuksköterske- och läkarprogrammet hösten 2013.

Resultat: Samtliga studenter (n=138) kände till HPV. Det var 90,5 % (n=124) som kände till ett vaccin mot HPV och 19,6 % (n=27) var vaccinerade mot HPV. Av de som inte var vaccinerade (n= 111) ville 32,7 % (n=36) vaccinera sig. Fler kvinnor än män ville bli vaccinerade. De som inte ville vaccinera sig angav att de var för gamla eller att de inte hade fått tillräckligt med information om vaccinet som orsak och 55,5 % ( n=61) av de som inte var vaccinerade kunde tänka sig att vaccinera sig om de fick mer information.

Slutsats: Mer än hälften av studenterna uppgav att om de fick mer information om HPV vaccinet så kunde de tänka sig att vaccinera sig. Brist på information var också en vanlig anledning till att deltagarna svarat att de inte ville vaccinera sig . För att få en mer positiv attityd till vacinet hos studenterna behövs mer information under utbildningen.

Abstract [en]

Background: HPV is the most common sexual viral infection and is the cause of 70 % of all cervical cancer worldwide. HPV can also cause condyloma and different types of cancers. Two vaccines are registered on the market. In Sweden vaccination against HPV has been part of the national vaccination program since 2010 for girls born in 1999 or later.

Aim: Examine the attitudes regarding HPV and HPV vaccine among nursing students and medical students on their final year.

Method: A survey was performed during the fall of 2013 where 138 nursing and medical students were asked to participate.

Result: All of the participating students (N=138) knew about HPV. Of the students, 90, 5 % (n=124) knew about a vaccine against HPV and 19, 6 % were vaccinated against HPV. Of the students who weren´t vaccinated (n=111), 32, 7 % (n=36) wanted to be. More women than men wanted to be vaccinated. Reasons for not wanting to be vaccinated was, age and lack of information about the vaccine. More than half of them who weren´t vaccinated, 55, 5 % (n=61) indicated that they could consider being vaccinated if they get more information.

Conclusion: More than half of the students indicated that they will consider getting vaccinated if they received more information. Lack of information was also a common answer to why the student’s didn´t want to be vaccinated. To get a more positive attitude towards the vaccine among the students, more information during their education is necessary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Human papilloma virus, knowledge, attitudes, cervical cancer, HPV vaccine
Keyword [sv]
Human papilloma virus, kunskap, attityder, livmoderhalscancer, HPV vaccin
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213229OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-213229DiVA: diva2:681366
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2013-12-19 Last updated: 2014-01-07Bibliographically approved

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