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Circulatory insulin-like growth factor-I and brain volumes in relation to neurodevelopmental outcome in very preterm infants
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
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2013 (English)In: Pediatric Research, ISSN 0031-3998, E-ISSN 1530-0447, Vol. 74, no 5, 564-569 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relationships between postnatal change in circulatory insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentrations, brain volumes, and developmental outcome at 2 y of age in very preterm infants. METHODS: IGF-I was measured weekly, and nutritional intake was calculated daily from birth until a postmenstrual age (PMA) of 35 wk. Individual beta coefficients for IGF-I, IGF-I(B), representing the rate of increase in IGF-I from birth until a PMA of 35 wk were calculated. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was performed at term age, with segmentation into total brain, cerebellar, gray matter, and unmyelinated white matter volume (UWMV). Developmental outcome was evaluated using Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II. RESULTS: Forty-nine infants, with mean gestational age (GA) of 26.0 wk, were evaluated at mean 24.6 mo corrected age. Higher IGF-I(B), UWMV, and cerebellar volume were associated with a decreased risk for a Mental Developmental Index (MDI) <85 (odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 0.6 (0.4-0.9), 0.96 (0.94-0.99), and 0.78 (0.6-0.96), respectively). In multivariate analysis, higher IGF-I(B) and higher UWMV combined with female gender constituted the two models with the highest predictive value for MDI > 85. CONCLUSION: A higher rate of increase in circulating IGF-I is associated with a decreased risk for subnormal MDI at 2 y of corrected age. This relationship is in part dependent on brain volume at term age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 74, no 5, 564-569 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213081DOI: 10.1038/pr.2013.135ISI: 000327168500011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-213081DiVA: diva2:681569
Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2013-12-20Bibliographically approved

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