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Behövs pottan? Det finns ju så bra blöjor!: Information om potträning vid BVC
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Potträningen har de senaste decennierna senarelagts. Svenska barn blir i genomsnitt kontinenta vid tre års ålder trots att barn kan uppnå blåskontroll redan under spädbarnstiden. Sen potträning kan leda till fysiska och psykiska komplikationer. Att potträningen har senarelagts kan bland annat bero på att föräldrar har svårt att bedöma när barn är redo för potträning. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilken information som ges kring potträning från BVC (barnavårdscentral) -sjuksköterskor och vad den informationen baserades på. Metod: Studien var deskriptiv, jämförande med kombinerad kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod och inkluderade 58 respondenter. Resultat: Majoriteten av BVC-sjuksköterskorna ansåg att potträning var ett viktigt ämne och de saknade tydliga riktlinjer om potträning. Information om potträning till föräldrarna baserades på egen inhämtad kunskap och erfarenhet. Nästan hälften av BVC-sjuksköterskorna upplevde att föräldrar var osäkra på när och hur de skulle potträna sina barn. Majoriteten ansåg att barn kunde börja pottränas mellan 6-12 månaders ålder. Den vanligaste informationen som gavs till föräldrar om potträning handlade om att invänta barnets mognad och intresse, vänja sig vid pottan på ett lekfullt sätt, göra potträningen till en positiv naturlig del av dagen och skapa rutiner. Slutsats: Eftersom det saknas riktlinjer om potträning finns ett stort behov av kvalitetssäkrade anvisningar. I Rikshandboken i barnhälsovård borde det finnas information om när potträning kan startas samt råd om hur föräldrar kan gå tillväga med potträningen. Mer stöd och information om potträning från BVC skulle underlätta för föräldrarna att hjälpa sina barn att bli fria från blöjorna.

Abstract [en]

Background:Children’s toilet training has in recent decades been postponed in Sweden.Children are on average continent by the age of three, whereas they are able toachieve bladder control already during infancy. Late toilet training can leadto both physical and psychological complications. One reason why toilettraining has been postponed may be due to parents finding it difficult toassess when the child is ready to be toilet trained. Objective: The objective of this research paper is to study theinformation BVC (Child Health Care Center) nurses provide to parents abouttoilet training and to find out what the information is based on. Method: The study employs descriptiveand comparative approaches combined with quantitative and qualitative methods.The questionnaire to Child Health Care Center nurses was filled in by 58respondents. Results: The majorityof Child Health Care Center nurses thought that toilet training was animportant topic and they said they would need clear and concise guidelines ontoilet training. It transpired that the information about toilet trainingnurses have been providing to parents is based on nurses’ own knowledge andexperience acquired over time. Almost half of the Child Health Care Centernurses that responded to the questionnaire had experienced that parents wereuncertain about when and how to potty train their children. The majority of therespondent nurses felt that children could start toilet training between 6-12months of age. The most common advice given to parents about toilet trainingwas waiting for the child's maturity and interest in using the potty, getting usedto the potty in a playful way, making toilet training a positive natural partof the day and creating routines. Conclusion:There are no official set guidelines on toilet training, whereas there is agreat need for them. Thus, Rikshandboken should include a respective chapter, stating,among other things, when toilet training should be started as well as givingadvice on how parents can proceed with toilet training. The Child Health CareCenters should provide parents with more support and information about toilettraining so that parents can help their children to become free from thediapers at an earlier age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
toilet training, child, information, child health care center
Keyword [sv]
potträning, barn, information, barnavårdscentral (BVC)
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-213492DiVA: diva2:682173
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot distriktssköterska
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2013-12-23 Last updated: 2014-01-21Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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