Cdc42 and p190RhoGAP activation by CCN2 regulates cell spreading and polarity and induces actin disassembly in migrating keratinocytes
2016 (English)In: International Wound Journal, ISSN 1742-4801, E-ISSN 1742-481X, Vol. 13, no 3, 372-381 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cell migration requires spatiotemporal integration of signals that regulate cytoskeletal dynamics. In response to a migration-promoting agent, cells begin to polarise and extend protrusions in the direction of migration. These cytoskeletal rearrangements are orchestrated by a variety of proteins, including focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and the Rho family of GTPases. CCN2, also known as connective tissue growth factor, has emerged as a regulator of cell migration but the mechanism by which CCN2 regulates keratinocyte function is not well understood. In this article, we sought to elucidate the basicmechanism of CCN2-induced cellmigration in human keratinocytes. Immunohistochemical staining was used to demonstrate that treatment with CCN2 induces a migratory phenotype through actin disassembly, spreading of lamellipodia and re-orientation of the Golgi. In vitro assays were used to show that CCN2-induced cell migration is dependent on FAK, RhoA and Cdc42, but independent of Rac1. CCN2-treated keratinocytes displayed increased Cdc42 activity and decreased RhoA activity up to 12 hours post-treatment, with upregulation of p190RhoGAP. An improved understanding of how CCN2 regulates cell migration may establish the foundation for future therapeutics in fibrotic and neoplastic diseases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 13, no 3, 372-381 p.
RhoGTPase, Actin, CCN2, CTGF, Keratinocyte migration
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Plastic Surgery
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-213565DOI: 10.1111/iwj.12315ISI: 000379940300011PubMedID: 25185742OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-213565DiVA: diva2:682607