Extremely elevated methyl mercury levels in water, sediment and organisms in a Romanian reservoir affected by release of mercury from a chlor-alkali plant
2014 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 49, 391-405 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We examined mercury (Hg) biogeochemistry and biomagnification in the Babeni Reservoir, a system strongly affected by the release of Hg from a chlor-alkali plant. Total mercury (THg) concentrations in river water reached 88 ng L−1 but decreased rapidly in the reservoir (to 9 ng L−1). In contrast, monomethylmercury (MMHg) concentrations increased from the upstream part of the reservoir to the central part (0.7 ng L−1), suggesting high methylation within the reservoir. Moreover, vertical water column profiles of THg and MMHg indicated that Hg methylation mainly occurred deep in the water column and at the sediment–water interface. The discharge of Hg from a chlor-alkali plant in Valcea region caused the highest MMHg concentrations ever found in non-piscivorous fish worldwide. MMHg concentrations and bioconcentration factors (BCF) of plankton and macrophytes revealed that the highest biomagnification of MMHg takes place in primary producers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 49, 391-405 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214174DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.10.024ISI: 000330601400035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-214174DiVA: diva2:684327